11.4. Exercises#

Many of these exercises are taken from past exams of APS105 Computer Fundamentals courses at University of Toronto. The solutions are provided in the answer boxes.

Headings in this page classify the exercises into different categories: [Easy], [Intermediate], and [Challenging]. I suggest you start by easy exercises and work your way up to the challenging ones.

Question 5 in Fall 2013 Final Exam [Easy]

Consider the recursive C function factorial below. Give the printed output of the function that is produced if the function is called with an argument of 4.

int factorial(int n) {
  printf("ENTER: %d\n", n);
  int ret;
  if (n == 0 || n == 1)
    ret = 1;
    ret = n * factorial(n - 1);
  printf("EXIT: %d\n", n);
  return ret;

Question 10 in Fall 2013 Final Exam [Intermediate]

Write a function called revStr that makes use of recursion to reverse the characters of a string. The reversal should happen two elements at a time, from the ends to the centre of the string. The function prototype is given below. Parameter str is the string to be reversed and parameter len is the length of the string. For example, if the function is called with the string "Hello", it must reverse the characters so that the string contains "olleH".

void revStr(char *str, int len);

Question 14 in Winter 2018 Final Exam [Easy]

Consider the following function that returns the index of a char c in a string string (i.e., the position of the first c in the string), or returns \(-1\) if c does not occur in string.

int findIndex(char *string, char c) {
    int n = 0;
    while (*string != c && *string != '\0') {
        string = string + 1;
    if (*string == '\0')
        return -1;
    return n;

Write a C functionrecursiveFindIndex(chatr *string, char c) that does not use any loops, yet behaves like the findIndex function above. Your function may have additional parameters, but at the minimum must include the parameters string and c.

Question 11 in Winter 2022 Final Exam [Challenging]

Write a recursive function called compareLines that compares two strings, lineOne and lineTwo and returns true if the strings are the same and false otherwise. When comparing the two strings, space characters (' ') and period characters ('.') are not considered as valid characters and should be ignored. If the strings do not have the same number of valid characters, the function should return false.

Example 1:

If lineOne = "Hello.everyone." and lineTwo = "Hello ..every.one.", compareLines will return true as the valid characters are the same and existing in both lineOne and lineTwo.

Example 2:

If lineOne = "Hello everyone" and lineTwo = "Hello! everyone", compareLines will return false as the valid characters are not the same. lineOne does not have a ! and lineTwo has a !.

Note: Solutions that do not use recursion will receive 0 marks.

bool compareLines(const char *lineOne, const char *lineTwo);